We are on our last days in Turkey, we gradually head back north and west up the Turquoise Coast. On the coast of the Xanthos valley lies the ancient capital of the Lycian League, Patara. There is archaeological evidence dating back to 1300 BC and the presence of bronze age Hittites; but it came more to prominence when Alexander the Great conquered all the coastal Greek cities in 334/333 BC. Patara became the centre of Lycia when the Romans finally granted them autonomy from Rhodes in 168/167 BC. It became the official capital of Roman “Province of Lycia” in 43 AD. The city flourished under the Roman, Byzantine and Turk/Seljuk Empires until the 15th C AD when it eventually declined as was reclaimed by the environment. Continue reading “Turkey: Walking & Cruising the Lycian Shore concludes..”
I am finally getting back to finishing my travelogue of my Lycian trip….
We are now at the most eastern and southern part of our journey into Lycia; ancient Sura. In ages past the river flowed through the valley and the seaport was on the edge of the Temple to Apollo. Now it is marshland, but the temple remains along with the ruins of a Byzantium Basilica. The temple was famous for its “fish oracle” – yes just like Paul the Octopus (Soccer World Cup 2010) – people would ask a question and then throw food to the fish, and the answer was favourable (or not) depending on how the fish liked the food..
Continue reading “Turkey: Walking and Cruising the Lycian Shore – continues..”
It’s time I returned to my travelogue of the Turkish Lycian Shore…..
We continued our exploring by travelling up the Xanthus valley from our mooring in Kalkan to ancient Pinara. In the Lycian Federation, Pinara was one of six major cities with the most voting power, hence a dominant force in Lycia. Pinara is situated on a high plateau with strategic views across the valley and towards the spectacular White Mountain range. These White Mountains look over the White Sea, otherwise known as the Mediterranean sea… An interesting note; the Black Sea is on the north-eastern side (opposite) side of Turkey..
Continue reading “Turkey: Walking & Cruising the Lycian Shore – part 2”
Back to the past .. in Turkey again! I’ve started another Peter Sommer Travels (PST) Archaeology trip, this time with a focus on Walking the Lycian Way (Likya Yolu) – a hiking path that follows ancient roads, goat trails and village paths over remote rocky, stony and very prickly ground. It sure was hard work; but combined with amazing scenery and ancient history and ruins, it was another fantastic trip. Travelling 2 weeks on a Turkish Gulet, slowly meandering along the south west coast of Turkey in endless sunshine and warmth was a glorious way to spend a few weeks.
Continue reading “Turkey: Walking & Cruising the Lycian Shore – part 1”